If you’re considering purchasing stainless steel sheet for use in metal fabrication projects, it is essential to understand its gauge system. Since gauge measurements differ from both metric and standard measuring systems, having a sheet metal gauge chart readily available can be essential to successful purchases.
Selecting the ideal grade of stainless steel for your project depends on its intended use and desired corrosion. Austenitic grades offer good corrosion protection as they’re non-magnetic and resistant to most forms of corrosive substances.
304 stainless steel is an increasingly popular choice for kitchen and bathroom fixtures due to its exceptional corrosion resistance, value, and versatility. As an austenitic type of metal containing 18% chromium and 8% nickel content, 304 stainless steel alloy makes an easy sanitization solution, making it suitable for food processing equipment and utensils.
Austenitic steel offers superior machinability even in difficult applications, thanks to its low thermal conductivity and toughness/strength combination. Forming, cutting, drilling, grinding, machining and welding operations all benefit from its excellent machinability; typically the higher its chromium content the better its machinability while lower levels require additional heat when cutting; therefore compromising its overall machining properties.
Stainless steel is widely utilized across multiple industries and applications. From automotive vehicles and water filtration devices, to aircrafts and sinks. Due to its resistance against many chemicals it has found use as sink material or even refrigerator coils – especially acidic food or liquid corrosion resistance! Stainless steel also stands up well as hardware, screws and fasteners due to its long lifecycles.
Each application of stainless steel requires its own special grade of stainless steel, and grade 304 is often chosen because of its resistance to corrosion, prevention of product contamination, formability and ease of fabrication. Unfortunately, however, it doesn’t offer quite the same corrosion resistance as grade 316 which will perform better in chloride environments like marine or heavily salted roadway environments.
Before choosing a grade of stainless steel for your project, it’s essential to fully comprehend your environment and requirements. Our team is happy to assist in selecting the optimal grade. Get in touch with us now so we can discuss how our products can meet them; whether your need be small or large we are here for you with our wide array of 304 stainless steel sheet sizes ready to meet them as well as tailored solutions tailored specifically for you!
316 stainless steel is an oxidation and bacteria growth resistant grade with excellent weldability and strength, which makes it perfect for marine applications, surgical instruments and refining equipment. While similar to 304 in terms of chemical makeup and properties, its higher molybdenum content increases corrosion resistance even further, as well as being better suited for environments containing chlorides.
Type 316 stainless steel alloy contains 16-18% chromium, 10-14% nickel, 2-3% molybdenum, 0.08% carbon and other trace elements. It boasts superior corrosion resistance compared to Type 304 in moderately corrosive environments; for example it can be used in process streams containing chlorides and halides while still performing successfully when exposed to sulfur-containing environments where other grades of stainless steel would fail.
Alloy 316 features an FCC structure with even distribution of atoms throughout its crystal lattice, giving it a high strength-to-weight ratio and offering outstanding corrosion resistance against various acids at different pH ranges and oxidizing acids such as nitric acid. Alloy 316 also makes an ideal choice for protecting pulp and paper industry environments from acid attacks due to its ability to reduce acid attack in harsh conditions such as pulp mill environments.
This grade of material is also strong and tough enough to withstand sub-zero temperatures without losing its ductility, offering exceptional strength, tensile properties, and creep resistance in these conditions. Cold working techniques allow complex shapes to be formed while good welding characteristics help it remain cost effective.
Industrial Metal Supply offers an assortment of sizes of 316 stainless steel plates and sheets suitable for all standard methods of sheet metal working, with the exception of oxygen cutting and plasma cutting. Furthermore, its non-magnetic state means no hardening is needed by heat treatment; we stock these sizes so you can find exactly what you need for your next project! To learn more, contact us now or visit one of our California or Arizona locations – we’re sure we have exactly what you’re searching for – plus cutting services can cut material to exact specifications; just let us know how we can assist!
Number 4 Stainless Steel Sheet
Everyday items crafted out of stainless steel sheet metal are plentiful around us. This versatile metal can be rolled, cut and formed into many different shapes for industrial and commercial applications. Sheet metal typically produces thicknesses up to 6mm (0.25 inches); any thicker sheets are known as plate and used for other industrial or commercial purposes.
Stainless steel is an ideal metal choice for many industries due to its strength, durability and corrosion-resistance properties. Each grade of this metal offers different properties and characteristics depending on which industry requires its use.
Chemical businesses will likely require stainless steels with strong corrosive resistance such as 304 or 316, while aviation firms may opt for 436 stainless steel due to its superior formability and welding properties.
Considerations when choosing stainless steel sheet are its surface finish. There is a range of finishes for you to choose from when purchasing a 2B finish sheet; each has their own distinct look and properties. Cold rolling, heat treating, pickling, and pinching produce this effect; giving the steel an aged grayish-shimmer with cloudy mirror-like properties resembling cloudy mirror. 2B finishes can often be seen on appliances, fixtures, solar panels and industrial equipment alike.
A #4 finish is characterized by its dark hue and visible grain pattern. While most often associated with kitchen appliances, you’ll also find this finish used on architectural designs, aircraft, and pressure vessels. While more popular among kitchen appliance users, #4 finishes can also be seen on architectural designs, aircraft and pressure vessels. Unfortunately, #4 finishes tend to scratch more easily than others and can become damaged from rough cleaning or improper rubbing in one direction.
Competitive Metals provides various stainless steel finishing options, such as #4, #2B and #3 finishes. We can cut sheets to any size using shear cutting, plasma or waterjet cutting techniques; additionally we offer custom shaped pieces on request. Our team of professionals will collaborate with you to determine the ideal stainless steel finish for your project, whether for aesthetic or functional considerations.
Stainless steel is an immensely flexible metal that has many uses. It is easy to weld and form, making it an excellent choice for structural elements, while its resistance to corrosion makes it corrosion-proof. Furthermore, different grades offer varied strengths and durability characteristics.
No matter the project or industrial application, Cut2Size Metals has you covered with metal supplies. We stock an extensive inventory of stainless steel products that can be cut to your exact specifications quickly – saving both time and money in the process! Our timely steel “cut-to-size” service will save both precious time and resources.
We specialize in custom cutting of almost every shape and size that our clients require, including more complex items like arc and helical torsion bars. In addition, our services include custom slitting, beveling, bending and forming to meet all of their unique requirements. Our experienced team has no trouble taking on difficult jobs while producing top quality results.
At D&L Materials, we specialize in an extensive array of materials – from copper and brass to aluminum and steel. Additionally, we carry an impressive variety of alloys and specialty metals like tool steel and titanium – and can cut to size products to meet the needs of any project or application – such as stainless steel sheets and galvanized steel sheet.
Since 1985, Cut2Size Metals has been providing its services to the community under family ownership and management. Established by Mark Pritchard, the business has grown from being just a metal sales division into a full-scale industrial fabrication and sales facility employing over 700 people selling a variety of metal products such as aluminum diamond plate and stainless steel sheeting.
At 49 Mologa Road in Heidelberg West VIC 3081, this business provides residential and commercial customers with comprehensive cutting, forming, machining and welding services. They stock an assortment of sheet metal tubing and bar stock as well as custom cuts by laser and water jet cutting for custom length aluminum flat sheets to meet individual customer requirements.